Your thesis has to contain a significant, original contribution to knowledge.
When I work with researchers I tend to focus on “significant” a lot, but originality is a useful concept to dig into before the viva. I get the sense that a lot of candidates instinctively know they’ve done something original. Perhaps defining what makes it original can be trickier.
Reflecting on your research before the viva is a good thing. It can give new ideas, help you see other perspectives, come up with different ways of thinking about your research. Here are ten questions to help unpick what makes your work original:
- In what ways is your work different from previous research?
- How do you differ in your methods from other researchers?
- What is now known as a result of your work, that wasn’t known before?
- How could your work change opinions in your field?
- What can people do now as a result of your work?
- What new techniques or ideas can people see in your thesis?
- What ideas have you tested for the first time in your research?
- What new theories does your thesis propose?
- How does your work combine prior knowledge of your field?
- What does your thesis add to knowledge?
Write something or record yourself thinking about a question. See where it leads you. Review later to see how you now think about the original nature of your research. How could it help you share that originality with your examiners in the viva?